The English Military in the 15th Century

medieval warfare, 16th century

Armies of England in the 15th century were raised by contract between the king and powerful military leaders. Each leader was responsible for paying his troops and the king agreed to pay the leaders back at a later date. Just like continental armies, there was often a royal guard, in England’s case this usually consisted […]

Women in a 15th Century Military Campaign

medieval women, women fighters, women warriors

There is plentiful evidence that many women played a vital role in the military machine of the 15th century. The Schilling Chronicles often show women marching with the troops toting canteens and waterskins for thirsty soldiers and being busy about the camp. One woman wears a dress in cantonal colors and obviously holds an officially […]

Medieval Castles – Castle de la Mota – The Evolution of a Spanish Fortress

medieval castles, medieval spain

The Castle La Mota now occupies an area that during the Roman period was an important stop on a trade route that ran through what is now the Spanish Province of Valladolid. It was most probably fortified and walled to some degree at that time to protect a settlement that easily dates back to the […]

Medieval Games – Tic-Tac-Morris Anyone? – Medieval Fun with Nine Man Morris

medieval games, nine man morris

Who or what is heck is Morris? Well, you stumped me there, but I can tell you of the enduring game he left behind that bears this name. If anyone has more information on the origins of this game please feel free to comment below. We’d love to hear about it! Nobody knows for sure […]

The History of the Kilt – Wear Your Scottish Heritage with Pride

kilt, wool, plaid, tartan, sett, scottish, irish, leine

As a historical reenactor for the past 17 years I have been portraying a Scotsman in the year 1798 during the fur trade in the new world. Over the years I have heard all manner of opinions and “facts” regarding the wearing of a kilt. I was told by various people that I couldn’t wear […]

Reenacting – Medieval Reality? The Science of the Middle Ages

medieval lore, medieval history, medieval creatures, medieval reenacting, bartholomew, anglicus

In any historical society authenticity is always the goal. We’re not here to portray a fantasy realm of elves and gnomes, but yet in the authentic medieval mind fantasy and reality can overlap. As an example dragons, which have been officially declared fictitious, were simply a scientific fact. The existence of dragons wasn’t just merely […]

Medieval Games – Primero the Medieval Poker

Gambling games have always been popular, and the fifteenth century was no exception. For many people, one of the first gambling games that comes to mind is classic poker. Poker is a fairly old game that originated in Italy sometime during the early 1400’s, when it was called Primero. From then to now this game […]

Medieval Games – Gambling with Hazards

medieval games

From 3,000 year old Egyptian Mancala to twentieth-century Monopoly, games have always been a popular form of entertainment. Through the worst of times and the best of times. During castle sieges and voyages across the vast unknown. King and pauper, soldier and scholar, games have always remained. Most games needed little more than a handful […]

Philip the Handsome and Juana the Mad – The Medieval History of the Low Countries

jauna the mad, medieval history, low countries

Philip the Handsome of Austria was born in the year 1478 in Bruges; what is now a part of Belgium. His mother was Mary of Burgundy, (Mary the Rich), whose crucial marriage to archduke Maximilian (later to become Holy Roman Emperor) resulted in Hapsburg control of the Low Countries and thus Luxembourg. Unfortunately his mother, […]