Introduction To Gothic Art

gothic art, medieval artwork, middle ages architecture, medieval architecture

by Jerald Shapiro Some of the most valuable early artwork comes from a point of time before the Renaissance had begun, and going on through the early Middle Ages, referred to as the period of Gothic art. During this particular time in history, the artwork took on telling narrative stories through pictures, and much of […]

European Political Map In The Early Middle Ages

early middle ages, middle ages, medieval history, castles, strongholds

By Isaac Vusterly European political map in the Early Middle Ages (476-ca.1000) saw dramatic changes. The first phase of the Migration Period (ca. 300-500) and collapse of the Western Roman Empire was followed by the emergence of Germanic kingdoms in Central, Western and South Europe most of which were short-lived. The realm of the Franks […]

The Wars of the Roses In A Nutshell

war of the roses, richard ii, lancaster, york, plantagenet, english civil war, tudor, bolingbroke

Author: Lily Pad The Wars of the Roses were a complex set of civil wars which tore apart England in the 15th Century. The conflict pitched two sides of the royal family – the House of Plantagenet – against each other in a bid for the English throne. These two warring factions were known as […]

Richard II – A Cautionary Tale of Improper Forms of Kingship

king richard ii, shakespeare, medieval king

By Peter Ponzio A number of commentaries on Shakespeare’s Richard II are devoted to the dialectical nature of the play, stressing the opposition of many of the elements in the drama. Studies have been written which demonstrate that the play is concerned with the opposition of the medieval order, represented by Richard, and the emerging […]

Norman Architecture

norman architecture, medieval castles, cathedrals, medieval strongholds, medieval fortress, gothic architecture

By A Harrison Barnes. Norman Architecture, named so due to its roots in Normandy, arose in the Middle Ages. It began in the early 11th century and ended by the 12th century, following the Saxon architectural movement and preceding the Gothic movement. Norman architecture is a form of the prevailing Romanesque Architecture that was propagated […]

The Changes In Renaissance And Medieval Warfare Tactics Brought About By Gunpowder

renaissance soldier, renaissance warfare, renaissance firearm, medieval warfare, renaissance bayonet, renaissance harquebus, renaissance military

By H. R. Smith. The addition of gunpowder and its ever advancing effective use led to the first handheld weapon to use gunpowder…. the harquebus. The harquebus is also known as the arquebus or the hackbut. This is a very primitive firearm used between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. The musket is a successor of […]

Medieval Instruments Of The Middle Ages

medieval music, medieval instruments, medival songs, medieval dance

By Douglas Etri. The events of the past happened because of intended and uncontrollable circumstances, and they have been regarded to with both admiration and disdain. It is always the past that shapes the future, and probably this influence will persist all the time, like music. There were three key periods during the Middle Ages, […]

A look at the Dark Ages: When Things Were Really Medieval

medieval history, dark ages, middle ages

by Will Kalif The Dark Ages were a period of great upheaval, constant war, horrendous plague, and stagnant cultural growth. But through these difficult centuries new ideas and a new culture was born. And in today’s world we still feel the effects of these changes that were brought about during these Dark Ages. The Dark […]

Greek Fire – a Terrifying Early Medieval Weapon

greek fire, medieval warfare, byzantine warfare, medieval science, medieval naval battles

By Shane Dayton. Greek Fire, also known as Byzantine Fire, Greek Byzantine Fire, and Sea Fire, was a terrifying naval weapon mastered by the Greeks and the Byzantines during early Medieval times. This may be the earliest form of naval napalm, and allowed their ships to fight with fire, with some claims that there was […]

Early Medieval Period – Ottonian Art – A Glimpse

ottonian artwork, early medieval period, ottonian

The Pre-Romanesque period in German art history, between circa 919-1056, is called “Ottonian Period,” after the names of three Saxon Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, named Otto-Otto, the Great, Otto II, and Otto III, who ruled from 919-1024. The Ottonian Empire included the lands that now are Germany, Switzerland, and Northern & Central Italy. This period was one of the greatest ages after the fall of Carolingian Empire. Economic growth and political patronage helped in creating an atmosphere of increased cultural and artistic activity, which along with Late Antique, Byzantine, and Carolingian influences, helped develop a distinctive style, the Ottonian Art form.